NAM Principles & Purposes:
The following are the founding principles of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), better known as the Bandung Principles, as adopted during the Afro-Asian Conference of 1955, which serve as the basis for the policy of non-alignment in international relations:
1.- Respect of fundamental human rights and of the objectives and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
2.- Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations.
3.- Recognition of the equality among all races and of the equality among all nations, both large and small.
4.- Non-intervention or non-interference into the internal affairs of another -country.
5.- Respect of the right of every nation to defend itself, either individually or collectively, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
6.- Non-use of collective defense pacts to benefit the specific interests of any of the great powers.
7.- Refraining from acts or threats of aggression and use of force in against the territorial integrity or political independence of any country. Non-use of pressures by any country against other countries.
8.- Settlement of all international disputes by peaceful means, such as negotiation, conciliation, arbitration or judicial settlement as well as other peaceful means of the parties’ own choice, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
9.- Promotion of mutual interest and cooperation.
10.- Respect for justice and international obligations.
Moreover, during the XIV Summit of the Movement, held in Havana, Cuba, in 2006, the Heads of State or Government adopted a “Declaration on the Purposes and Principles and the Role of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the Present International Juncture”, which includes the following:
1.- Respect for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and International
2.- Respect for sovereignty, sovereign equality and territorial integrity of all
3.- Recognition of the equality of all races, religions, cultures and all nations, both big and
4.- Promotion of a dialogue among peoples, civilizations, cultures and religions based on the respect of religions, their symbols and values, the promotion and the consolidation of tolerance and freedom of
5.- Respect for and promotion of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, including the effective implementation of the right of peoples to peace and
6.- Respect for the equality of rights of States, including the inalienable right of each State to determine freely its political, social, economic and cultural system, without any kind of interference whatsoever from any other
7.- Reaffirmation of the validity and relevance of the Movement’s principled positions concerning the right to self-determination of peoples under foreign occupation and colonial or alien
8.- Non-interference in the internal affairs of No State or group of States has the right to intervene either directly or indirectly, whatever the motive, in the internal affairs of any other State.
9.- Rejection of unconstitutional change of
10.- Rejection of attempts at regime
11.- Condemnation of the use of mercenaries in all situations, especially in conflict
12.- Refraining by all countries from exerting pressure or coercion on other countries, including resorting to aggression or other acts involving the use of direct or indirect force, and the application and/or promotion of any coercive unilateral measure that goes against International Law or is in any way incompatible with it, for the purpose of coercing any other State to subordinate its sovereign rights, or to gain any benefit
13.- Total rejection of aggression as a dangerous and serious breach of International Law, which entails international responsibility for the
14.- Respect for the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense, in accordance with the Charter of the United
15.- Condemnation of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and systematic and gross violations of human rights, in accordance with the UN Charter and International
16.- Rejection of and opposition to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes, as it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and In this context, terrorism should not be equated with the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation for self-determination and national liberation.
17.- Promotion of pacific settlement of disputes and abjuring, under any circumstances, from taking part in coalitions, agreements or any other kind of unilateral coercive initiative in violation of the principles of International Law and the Charter of the United
18.- Defense and consolidation of democracy, reaffirming that democracy is a universal value based on the freely expressed will of people to determine their own political, economic, social, and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their
19.- Promotion and defense of multilateralism and multilateral organizations as the appropriate frameworks to resolve, through dialogue and cooperation, the problems affecting
20.- Support to efforts by countries suffering internal conflicts to achieve peace, justice, equality and
21.- The duty of each State to fully and in good faith comply with the international treaties to which it is a party, as well as to honour the commitments made in the framework of international organizations, and to live in peace with other
22.- Peaceful settlement of all international conflicts in accordance with the Charter of the United
23.- Defense and promotion of shared interests, justice and cooperation, regardless of the differences existing in the political, economic and social systems of the States, on the basis of mutual respect and the equality of
24.- Solidarity as a fundamental component of relations among nations in all
25.- Respect for the political, economic, social and cultural diversity of countries and peoples.