The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is the biggest forum for political coordination and consultation after and within the United Nations, composed by 120 Member States from the developing world. There are also 17 countries and 10 International Organizations that hold an Observer status.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) works from a unique, non-hierarchical, rotating and participatory standpoint, with the intention of enabling every single Member State, without differentiation or discrimination of any kind, to involve itself in the decision making of global and political processes. The Movement is led by a Chair that rotates every three years, currently Venezuela, who is assisted and/or advised by the former and upcoming Chair of the Movement; that is, Iran and Azerbaijan, respectively. The Troika represents the past, present and future of the Movement.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was officially established in 1961, at the Belgrade Summit, hosted by President Josip Broz Tito, following the discussions that were triggered during the Afro-Asian Conference of 1955, hosted by President Sukarno, and which resulted in the adoption of the Bandung Principles that up to date still serve as the purposes and objectives of the policy of non-alignment, and which have governed relations between big and small nations. The following are considered to be the founding fathers and historic leaders of the Movement: Joseph Broz Tito (President of Yugoslavia), Gamal Abdel Nasser (President of Egypt), Jawaharlal Nehru (Prime Minister of India), Sukarno (President of Indonesia), and Kwame Nkrumah (President of Ghana), who decided to declare it as a Movement, with a view to avoid the bureaucratic implications of an International Organization.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was established in the midst of the collapse of the colonial system and the emancipatory struggle of the oppressed peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and other regions of the world, and at the heights of the Cold War. At the beginning of the Movement, its actions and endeavors constituted a key factor in the processes of decolonization, which then led to the achievement of the freedom and independence of many countries and peoples, and to the formation of new States, which then became part of it. In addition, throughout its almost 60 years of existence, the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) has played an important role in the strengthening of international peace and security, within the framework of its permanent quest for establishing a more peaceful and prosperous world.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) coordinates and articulates its work, activities, positions and endeavors through a political body: its Coordinating Bureau, composed of the 120 Member States of the Movement and chaired by the seating Chair of the Movement, which is based at the headquarters of the United Nations, in New York, and that is entrusted also with the assessment of the work of the different Working Groups and Committees of the Movement.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) takes its decisions by consensus, which enhances the unity and solidarity among the Member States of the Movement. Such practice presupposes the understanding of and the respect for different points of view, including disagreement and implies mutual accommodation on the basis of which agreement can emerge by a sincere process of adjustment among member nations in the true spirit of non-alignment. Historically, the Member States of the Movement have shown their ability to overcome their differences and found a common ground for action that leads to mutual cooperation and the upholding of their shared values.